Learning programming languages help you upgrade your skill set, is sought after by employers and will ultimately help you realize your career goals.
Even though some of these programming languages may be hard to learn and understand, learning them can offer you various benefits. Not only will it give you a better understanding of the devices you work on but getting a knack for these languages will enable you to bridge the gap between business and technology. The knowledge of these languages will help you make your programs and software, along with improving your problem-solving skills.
In today’s time, hundreds of languages are available, but it can be difficult to determine which ones are the best to learn. To offer you some clarification, we have come up with a list of the 10 best programming languages to learn, that are popular amongst developers worldwide.
List of 10 Web Development Languages To Learn That Can Pay You High:
Here are some of the most popular programming languages that you must learn in 2023 to improve your programming skills:
1. C++ :
C++ is an extension of the C programming language. C++ tops the list because it is an advanced programming language that supports several programming methods, be it functional, procedural, or object-oriented programming. This is an efficient and fast language, given its’ compile-time and execution time is faster than other programming languages. Its versatile nature lets users create excellent applications and software, such as video games, web browsers, etc. Regarding career opportunities, C++ is essential for IT professionals like web architects.
Some of the best features of C++ are:
- It is very versatile
- It is a simple and object-oriented programming language
- It is fast and powerful
- Has a rich library
- It is a mid-level programming language; hence not very difficult to learn.
|Pros||High performance, object-oriented, versatile, extensive libraries, memory control, system programming.|
|Cons||Steeper learning curve, complex syntax, potential for memory leaks, lack of automatic memory management.|
|Use Cases||Game development, systems programming, high-performance applications, real-time simulations.|
|Skill Requirement||Solid grasp of programming fundamentals, understanding of memory management, attention to detail.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderately difficult; requires learning complex features and mastering memory management.|
|Popularity||Historically popular, remains relevant for specific domains, widely used in various industries.|
|Best for||Intermediate to advanced programmers, those needing high-performance or low-level system access.|
- Used widely on the web
- Easy to learn for beginners
- Works great with other web development programming languages
- Highly in demand
- A great codebase that enhances the readability of the script
|Pros||Widely used, versatile, runs in browsers, extensive libraries, asynchronous programming, and dynamic.|
|Cons||Browser compatibility issues, potential security vulnerabilities, single-threaded, varying syntax.|
|Use Cases||Web development (front-end and back-end), interactive web applications, browser extensions.|
|Skill Requirement||Understanding of web technologies (HTML/CSS), programming logic, and asynchronous programming.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderately easy to start; advanced features and asynchronous programming can be more challenging.|
|Popularity||Extremely popular; essential for web development, and widely used for creating interactive websites.|
|Best for||Web developers, front-end developers, those creating interactive web applications and websites.|
Did you know that Python is the primary coding language for 80% of developers worldwide? It is regarded as one of the trending web development languages to learn because it is easy for beginners. One must have problem-solving and abstract thinking skills to master this language. This is the perfect programming language for you if you plan on becoming a software engineer or developer. It is generally used to develop software and websites and conduct data analysis.
Some of the best features of Python are:
- It is naturally readable
- It is mostly scripted
- It is quite readable as compared to other programming languages
- Has GUI support.
- It works well on both Mac and Windows.
The top companies that work on Python are Spotify, Intel, Netflix, and Facebook.
|Pros||Open-source, readable syntax, extensive libraries, cross-platform, community support.|
|Cons||Slower due to interpretation, Global Interpreter Lock (GIL), and mobile development challenges.|
|Use Cases||Back-end web development, desktop applications, data science, automation, machine learning, and scientific computing.|
|Skill Requirements||Basic understanding of programming concepts, familiarity with syntax and libraries, and logical thinking.|
|Difficulty Level||Easy to learn, read, and write; beginner-friendly.|
|Popularity||Loved by 66.7% of Stack Overflow developers. #1 most popular programming language on various indexes.|
|Best for||Ideal for beginners and learners; suitable for developers in web, data, scientific, and automation domains.|
PHP is one of the oldest general-purpose scripting and programming languages out there, which even the topmost web development programmers find important to learn. This language was originally created by a Danish-Canadian programmer named Rasmus Lerdorf in 1993. Compared to other programming languages, PHP is easier to learn. It has many resources available, making it easier for beginners. It also requires basic coding skills such as CSS and HTML to make learning easier.
Let’s have a look at some of the features of PHP:
- Easy to learn for beginners
- Faster as compared to other programming languages
- Extremely secure network
- It can be embedded with HTML for added functionality
- Well- established
|Pros||Server-side scripting, web development, ease of embedding in HTML, vast community, open-source.|
|Cons||Inconsistent syntax, security concerns, scalability challenges, not ideal for standalone applications.|
|Use Cases||Web development (server-side scripting), dynamic web content, e-commerce platforms, CMSs.|
|Skill Requirement||Understanding of web development, HTML, CSS, database concepts, server-side programming.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderately easy; straightforward syntax for basic tasks, but can be complex for advanced projects.|
|Popularity||Widely used for web development, powers many websites including popular content management systems.|
|Best for||Web developers, backend developers, those creating dynamic websites and web applications.|
Swift is a comparatively new software product in the market and this generation finds Swift as one of the best programming languages in 2023 to learn. It is an incredibly intuitive and powerful language that is simple to use and is open source. Apple created this general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language for Mac and iOS.
Many developers prefer to use Swift because of its ultra-modern features. It has been predicted that it will be the future of the topmost and most secure applications. It is one of the top programming languages to learn and is easy for beginners.
The top features of Swift are:
- Best performance for an enhanced experience
- Rapid development process
- Has a very vast library
- Low memory footprint
- Great readability
The top companies working on Swift are Instagram, Slack, Uber, and Apple.
|Pros||Modern, safe, and fast language, iOS/macOS app development, strong type system, open-source.|
|Cons||Limited to Apple ecosystem, evolving language, fewer libraries compared to some other languages.|
|Use Cases||iOS and macOS app development, mobile application development, backend server-side programming.|
|Skill Requirement||Familiarity with programming concepts, iOS/macOS development, and understanding of Swift syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderately easy to learn; clear syntax, comprehensive standard library, specific domain focus.|
|Popularity||Popular within Apple developer community, growing usage for mobile app development.|
|Best for||iOS/macOS app developers, mobile application developers, and those targeting the Apple ecosystem.|
Go is a young-age programming language and is very efficient and reliable. Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google in 2007 to manage its quickly growing infrastructure. Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson developed this programming language. Since then, it has become one of the top programming languages to learn. Go is syntactically similar to C but has a simple format, memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency.
The best feature of Go are:
- Easy to learn for beginners
- Facilitates data science processes
- Better security than before
- It is an open-sourced software
- Excellent tools for statistical analytics.
The top companies that work on Go are Medium, Uber, BBC, and Google.
|Pros||Efficient and fast, strong concurrency support, simple and clean syntax, static binary compilation.|
|Cons||Lack of generics (until Go 2), and limited third-party libraries compared to some languages.|
|Use Cases||Systems programming, backend services, cloud applications, microservices, and network programming.|
|Skill Requirement||Familiarity with programming concepts, understanding of concurrency, and working knowledge of Go syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Relatively easy to learn; concise syntax, minimal complexity, explicit error handling.|
|Popularity||Increasingly popular, particularly for web development, cloud computing, and microservices.|
|Best for||Systems programmers, backend developers, cloud engineers, those seeking concurrency-focused languages.|
Ruby is yet another well-known popular, dynamic and open-source programming language. It is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language that supports several programming paradigms. Web development programmers often use Ruby for analysing data and prototyping.
Regarding website development, Ruby is one of the best options out there. It is one of the best programming languages to learn, as it deploys English-like syntax, making it easy to use because it is so well interpreted. Hence, if you want to hone your web-app development skills, then you must try Ruby.
The best features of this web development language are:
- It is open sourced
- Deploys English syntax
- Easy to learn for beginners.
- Great garbage collection
- Great RoR Framework for creating websites
Ruby is used for both front-end and back-end development.
|Pros||Elegant syntax, productivity-focused, object-oriented, strong community, web development.|
|Cons||Slower execution, global interpreter lock (MRI), and fewer job opportunities in some regions.|
|Use Cases||Web development, scripting, automation, prototyping, creating dynamic and interactive apps.|
|Skill Requirement||Understanding of programming logic, object-oriented concepts, and familiarity with Ruby syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Beginner-friendly; readable syntax, dynamic typing, but mastering advanced topics takes time.|
|Popularity||Popular for web development, particularly with Ruby on Rails framework, strong community.|
|Best for||Web developers, startups, and those prioritizing developer happiness, scripting and automation.|
SQL, which is an abbreviation for Structured Query Language, is one of the top web development languages to learn. SQL is a domain-specific language used in programming and is primarily designed for managing data in a relational database management system.
if you’re into statistical computing and data science. It is an exciting program as it lets the programmers manipulate and do things from the database. SQL is also often used in hacking.
Some of the best features of SQL are:
- Works great for beginners
- Amazing portability
- Very interactive’
- Has a supportive community of users
- Strongly secured system
It is often used to organize a database of website owners to gauge the performance of their marketing campaigns.
|Pros||Powerful for database management, declarative syntax, standardized, essential for data analysis.|
|Cons||Limited application scope, can be complex for advanced queries, and variations among database systems.|
|Use Cases||Database management, data querying, data manipulation, data analysis, and report generation.|
|Skill Requirement||Familiarity with relational databases, understanding of data modelling, and knowledge of SQL syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderate; Basic queries are easy, but complex joins and optimizations can be challenging.|
|Popularity||Extremely popular; and fundamental to database management and data manipulation across industries.|
|Best for||Database administrators, data analysts, backend developers|
Microsoft developed C# in 2000 for its’ .NET framework. C# is a general-purpose, high-level, multi-paradigm programming language that is great for developing computer applications and video games. According to research, 1/3rd of the best mobile gaming applications are designed using C#. Hence, it is one of the most popular web development languages to learn worldwide.
This programming language encompasses static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented programming disciplines and is great for software developers. To develop GUI-based desktop applications, you must learn C#.
Some of the best features of C# are:
- Easy to understand & learn
- Works well for all kinds of Windows development
- Safe, as compared to C++ and C
- Large user-base community
- Broad frameworks
The top companies that work on C# are Stack Overflow, Alibaba Travels, Microsoft, and Accenture.
|Pros||Versatile, object-oriented, robust, modern syntax, integration with Microsoft technologies, GUI apps.|
|Cons||Limited cross-platform support (outside .NET Core), learning curve, Windows-centric, verbosity.|
|Use Cases||Windows desktop applications, game development (Unity), web applications, cloud services, mobile apps.|
|Skill Requirement||Understanding of programming concepts, object-oriented principles, and familiarity with C# syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderate; clean syntax for basic tasks, complex for advanced features, especially in enterprise apps.|
|Popularity||Popular, particularly within Windows development, is widely used in enterprise and game development.|
|Best for||Windows desktop app developers, game developers (Unity), enterprise software developers, ASP.NET devs.|
R is a programming software used for statistical computing and graphics. The R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing support it. This programming language is very popular with statisticians for analysing data. It is essential in data analysis, finance, and telecommunication fields. If you love statistics, R would be the best programming language for you.
The best features of R are :
- It is supportive of cross-platforms
- Uses object-oriented language
- It has powerful graphics
- It is an open-source platform
There aren’t many people who are pros at using R; hence learning this programming language will give you an edge over others which may prove to be a great career choice for you.
|Pros||Powerful for data analysis and statistics, extensive statistical libraries, and strong data visualization.|
|Cons||A steeper learning curve, not ideal for general-purpose programming, slower execution for some tasks.|
|Use Cases||Data analysis, statistics, data visualization, machine learning, scientific research.|
|Skill Requirements||Understanding of statistical concepts, familiarity with data manipulation, and proficiency in R syntax.|
|Difficulty Level||Moderately challenging; complex for advanced statistical analyses, but basic tasks are approachable.|
|Popularity||Popular in data science and statistics communities, widely used in academia and research.|
|Best for||Data analysts, statisticians, researchers, scientists, those working with data-driven decision-making.|
With this, we end our list of the 10 best programming languages to learn. We hope this article provided useful insights into the popular programming language. Even though there are a host of languages you can learn, choosing a few that serve your purpose is important.
The ones that we have mentioned above are some of the most demanding languages that are highly preferred by budding programmers these days. If you want to pursue a career in programming, then learning one of these languages can be a great start to your coding Journey!
Frequently Asked Questions:
Ans. Python is the best programming language to learn because its syntax is quite simplified. It is also relatively easy to use and execute, hence a great option for beginners.
Ans. C++ is the hardest programming language to learn. The syntax involved in it is quite advanced and it has a multi-paradigm nature. So, it might be challenging for beginners to learn the language.