Top 10 Best Programming Languages To Learn In 2023

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A Programming language is a form of communication that humans use to give instructions to the computer/laptop for performing specific tasks. The best programming languages to learn are some specific coding syntax to create programs for performing particular tasks. 

Even though some of these programming languages may be hard to learn and understand, learning them can offer you various benefits. Not only will it give you a better understanding of the devices you work on but getting a knack for these languages will enable you to bridge the gap between business and technology. The knowledge of these web development languages will help you make your programs and softwares, along with improving your problem-solving skills.

In today’s time, hundreds of web development languages are available out there, but it can be difficult to determine which ones are the best to learn. To offer you some clarification, we have come up with a list of the ten best programming languages that are popular amongst developers worldwide. 

List of Top 10 Web Development Languages: 

Here are some of the most popular programming languages that you must learn in 2023 to improve your programming skills:

  1. C++
  2. JavaScript
  3. Python
  4. PHP
  5. Swift
  6. Go
  7. Ruby
  8. SQL
  9. C#
  10. R

1. C++ : 

C++ is an extension of the C programming language. C++ tops the list because it is an advanced programming language that supports several programming methods, be it functional, procedural, or object-oriented programming. This is an efficient and fast language, given its’ compile-time and execution time is faster than other programming languages. Its versatile nature lets users create excellent applications and softwares, such as video games, web browsers, etc. Regarding career opportunities, C++ is important for IT professionals like web architects.

Best Programming Languages To Learn C++

Some of the best features of C++ are:

  • It is very versatile
  • It is a simple and object-oriented programming language
  • It is fast and powerful
  • Has a rich library
  • It is a mid-level programming language; hence not very difficult to learn.
web development languages- C++

2. JavaScript : 

Netscape Communications created JavaScript in 1995. JavaScript, abbreviated as JS, is one of the core programming languages of the World Wide Web, alongside CSS and HTML. It is regarded as one of the best programming languages to learn worldwide as it spares users from setting up a web development environment. 98% of websites use Javascript on the web page’s client side. 

best programming langauges to learn- JavaScript

Javascript also has a large community online because this language is used almost everywhere on the web. This scripting and programming language allows one to create interactive webpages and incorporate complex features on webpages- like interactive maps, 2D/3D animated graphics, etc. Also, it offers excellent career potential for new learners.

TIOBE Index- JavaScript

Some of the top features of JavaScript are: 

  • Used widely on the web
  • Easy to learn for beginners
  • Works great with other web development programming languages 
  • Highly in demand
  • A great codebase that enhances the readability of the script 

It also enables a visually pleasing webpage to attract user attention. The top companies that used JavaScript before programming are Google, Microsoft, PayPal, and Walmart.

Also Read, Coolest Websites in The World

3. Python:

Did you know that Python is the primary coding language for 80% of developers worldwide? It is regarded as one of the most popular web development languages because it is easy for beginners. One needs to have problem-solving and abstract thinking skills to master this web development language. This is the perfect programming language for you if you plan on becoming a software engineer or developer. It is generally used to develop softwares and websites and conduct data analysis. 

Python - best programming languages to learn 2023

Some of the best features of Python are:

  • It is naturally readable
  • It is mostly scripted
  • It is quite readable as compared to other programming languages
  • Has GUI support.
  • It works well on both Mac and Windows.

The top companies that work on Python are Spotify, Intel, Netflix, and Facebook.

web development languages- TIOBE index Python

4. PHP:

PHP is one of the oldest general-purpose scripting and programming languages out there, which even the topmost web development programmers find important to learn. This language was originally created by a Danish-Canadian programmer named Rasmus Lerdorf in 1993. Compared to other programming languages, PHP is easier to learn. It has many resources available, making it easier for beginners. It also requires basic coding skills such as CSS and HTML to make learning easier.

PHP - best programming languages to learn 2023

Let’s’ have a look at some of the features of PHP:

  • Easy to learn for beginners
  • Faster as compared to other programming languages
  • Extremely secure network
  • It can be embedded with HTML for added functionality
  • Well- established

5. Swift

Swift is a comparatively new software product in the market and is one of the best programming languages to learn. It is an incredibly intuitive and powerful programming language that is simple to use and is open source. Apple created this general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language for Mac and iOS. 

best programming languages to learn - SWIFT

Many developers prefer to use Swift because of its ultra-modern features. It has been predicted that it will be the future of the topmost and most secure applications. It is one of the top programming languages to learn and is easy for beginners. 

TIOBE index- Swift (web development languages)

The top features of Swift are:

  • Best performance for an enhanced experience
  • Rapid development process
  • Has a very vast library
  • Low memory footprint
  • Great readability

The top companies working on Swift are Instagram, Slack, Uber, and Apple. 

Also Read, AI Is Aiding Detection Of Offsides; Here’s How!

6. Go

Go is a young-age programming language and is very efficient and reliable. Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google in 2007 to manage its quickly growing infrastructure. Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson developed this programming language. Since then, it has become one of the top programming languages to learn. Go is syntactically similar to C but has a simple format, memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency. 

best programming languages to learn - Go

The best feature of Go are:

  • Easy to learn for beginners
  • Facilitates data science processes
  • Better security than before
  • It is an open-sourced software
  • Excellent tools for statistical analytics.

The top companies that work on Go are Medium, Uber, BBC, and Google.

Top 10 web development languages- Go

7. Ruby

Ruby is yet another well-known popular, dynamic and open-source programming language. It is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language that supports several programming paradigms. Web development programmers often use Ruby for analysing data and prototyping. 

best programming languages to learn

Regarding website development, Ruby is one of the best options out there. It is one of the best programming languages to learn, as it deploys English-like syntax, making it easy to use because it is so well interpreted. Hence, if you want to hone your web-app development skills, then you must try Ruby.

Ruby- top 10 web development languages

 The best features of this web development language are:

  • It is open sourced
  • Deploys English syntax
  • Easy to learn for beginners. 
  • Great garbage collection
  • Great RoR Framework for creating websites

Ruby is used for both front-end and back-end development.

8. SQL

SQL, which is an abbreviation for Structured Query Language, is one of the best web development languages to learn. SQL is a domain-specific language used in programming and is primarily designed for managing data in a relational database management system.

best programming languages to learn 2023 - SQL

It is one of the top programming languages to learn, especially if you’re into statistical computing and data science. It is an exciting programme as it lets the programmers manipulate and do things from the database. SQL is also often used in hacking.

TIOBE index- SQL

Some of the best features of SQL are: 

  • Works great for beginners
  • Amazing portability 
  • Very interactive’
  • Has a supportive community of users
  • Strongly secured system

It is often used to organize a database of website owners to gauge the performance of their marketing campaigns. 

9. C#

Microsoft developed C# in 2000 for its’ .NET framework. C# is a general-purpose, high-level, multi-paradigm programming language that is great for developing computer applications and video games. According to research, 1/3rd of the best mobile gaming applications are designed using C#. Hence, it is one of the most popular web development languages worldwide. 

best programming languages to learn  - C#

This programming language encompasses static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented programming disciplines. To develop GUI-based desktop applications, you must learn C#.

Some of the best features of C# are: 

  • Easy to understand & learn
  • Works well for all kinds of Windows development
  • Safe, as compared to C++ and C 
  • Large user-base community
  • Broad frameworks
top 10 web development languages - C#

The top companies that work on C# are Stack Overflow, Alibaba Travels, Microsoft, and Accenture.

10. R

R is a programming software used for statistical computing and graphics. The R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing support it. This programming language is very popular with statisticians for analysing data. It is essential in data analysis, finance, and telecommunication fields. If you love statistics, R would be the best programming language for you. 

best programming languages to learn - R

The best features of R are :

  • It is supportive of cross-platforms
  • Uses object-oriented language
  • It has powerful graphics
  • It is an open-source platform
TIOBE Index - R (top 10 web development languages)

There aren’t many people who are pros at using R; hence learning this programming language will give you an edge over others which may prove to be a great career choice for you.


With this, we end our list of the 10 best programming languages to learn. We hope this article provided useful insights into the popular programming language. Even though there are a host of languages you can learn, choosing a few that serve your purpose is important. 

The ones that we have mentioned above are some of the most popular web development languages that are highly preferred by budding programmers these days. If you want to pursue a career in programming, then learning one of these languages can be a great start to your coding Journey!

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. Which are the best programming language to learn?

Python is the best programming language to learn because its syntax is quite simplified. It is also relatively easy to use and execute hence a great option even for beginners.

  1. Which is the hardest programming language to learn?

C++ is the hardest program to learn compared to the other programming language mentioned in the list above. Its’ syntax is quite advanced, and it also has a multi-paradigm nature. This makes it challenging to learn C++ as a beginner.

  1. What are the most in-demand programming languages to learn in 2023?

The most in-demand programming languages to learn in 2023 are Python, Go, Javascript, Java, PHP, Swift, and C#.

  1. What are the three languages all web developers must learn?

All web developers should learn the three fundamental programming languages: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  1. What language do most web developers use?

JavaScript is the programming language that most web developers use worldwide, as most web browsers utilize it. Another plus point is that it is one of the easiest to learn.

About The Author

Monika Ahuja
Monika’s inclination towards technology helps her distill the technical information and produce technical content with ease and clarity. She has several years of experience as a technical writer and specialises in producing content on SaaS, mobile technology and digital marketing. Her strong research skills help her in creating approachable and understandable technology content across all skill levels View More Posts

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